Repentance of a Regenerated Heart (Acts 2:37-41) | Jared Betts

The Necessity of Repentance for Salvation

As we begin to examine our text, let us remember that Luke has just given us the main thrust of Peter’s discourse. He has not recorded everything Peter said, but merely given us a synopsis of his sermon. We know this because verse 40 reads:

40 And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” 

This means that there were many things that Peter said in his sermon that were not written down that were bearing witness to the fact that the Old Testament Scriptures indicated that the Christ would suffer and die in the place of His people, and be raised again on their behalf, and be seated at the right hand of God waiting for the day until all His enemies will become a footstool for His feet; and they all find their fulfillment in the Man whom God has made Lord and Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, the One whom they killed via crucifixion. As Peter asserts in His next sermon:

14 But you disowned the Holy and Righteous One and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, 15 but put to death the Prince of life, the one whom God raised from the dead, a fact to which we are witnesses.”[1]

As the Scripture truly states of the Eternal Son of God who was in the beginning, and was with God, and was God, and through whom all things came into being that has come into being, and who became flesh and dwelt among us:[2]

“He was in the world and the world was made through Him and the world did not know Him. He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.”[3]

God gave His Son to be the Christ of His people, and they killed Him. They were like the vine-growers that were entrusted to take care of the landowner’s vineyard.[4] The landowner sent slaves to them, and they beat some, stoned others, and killed the rest.[5] The landowner eventually sent his son supposing they would respect him,[6] but “they took and killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard.”[7] What, therefore, will the landowner do with the vine-growers? He will bring those wretches to a wretched end.[8]

We see that at such horrific news, the crowd gathered on Pentecost was “pierced to the heart.” To be pierced to the heart means that their core was violently moved by Peter’s preaching.[9] Metaphorically speaking, their minds were inflicted with a sharp pain as the truth penetrated. It is no wonder, for God says in Zechariah 12:10:

10 “I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn.”

The Holy Spirit had convicted them of their sin.[10] Their consciences were smitten for what they had done, and such a smiting prompted them to turn to “Peter and the rest of the apostles” that he had taken his stand with, and ask but one question, “Brethren, what shall we do?” 

This is a question of salvation. This is a question that longs to hear the answer of deliverance. It is as if they are saying, “We see that we are those wretches that deserve to be brought to a wretched end. We see that we are the enemies who are to become a proverbial footstool for the One we crucified and God raised and seated at His right hand. Is there any hope for us who were active in the killing of our Christ and Lord? What must we do to be saved?”

When we in Christ here such a question, rightly do we want to stand alongside Zwingli, and Luther, and Calvin, and the rest of the men who were instrumental in the Protestant Reformation championing the message that men and women are not saved by human effort, but by trusting in the Person and work of Christ alone. We want to herald the message that:

            “Man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law.”[11]

That:

The one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness.”[12]

We want people to understand the scandalous truth found in Galatians 2:16:

16 That a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus…since by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified.”

We want them to see that the fact no one is made right by the Law before God is evident because the Scripture says, “The righteous man shall live by faith.”[13] We want to do as Jude says and contend for the faith which has been once for all delivered to the saints. [14] We want to make sure that no admixture of works creeps into God’s gospel that He has entrusted to us, so that we are not found teaching a different gospel, which is no gospel at all.[15]

So when we here people ask the question, “What shall we do to be saved?”, we rightly want to tell them to call upon the name of the Lord. We want them to see that all who believe in Him will not perish but have eternal life.[16] We want them to see what Paul said to the Romans:

That if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.”[17]

Peter, however, does not respond to their question with “Believe”, but rather “Repent!” Their pierced hearts were a testimony to the fact that they had believed what Peter had said about Jesus, for if they had not believed what he said to be true they would have no need to be grieved in conscience. They were, however, cut to the heart by what Peter said, so what they needed to do was what Peter said to do, which was to repent for the forgiveness of their sins.

            Now, this should not surprise us since the first sermon our Lord preached in the gospel accounts was summed up as this:

“The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.”[18]

Jesus said in Luke 5:32:

“I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.”

Twice did Christ impress upon the minds of His audience in Luke 13:

            “Unless you repent, you will all likewise perish.”[19]

During His ministry, Jesus summoned the twelve to send them out to minster in pairs, and:

12 They went out and preached that men should repent.”[20]

After His resurrection from the dead, Christ commissioned the eleven remaining Apostles saying:

“Repentance for forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem.”[21]

We, therefore, do not only see Peter preaching repentance in his first sermon, but his second when he says:

19 Therefore repent and return, so that your sins may be wiped away, in order that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord.”[22]

This was also a key component of Paul’s preaching which is seen in Acts 17:30-31 when he declares to the Athenians that the unknown God whom they worshipped in ignorance:

“Is now declaring to men that all people everywhere should repent,31 because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.”

Our text this morning gives us a wonderful opportunity to discuss this critical doctrine within the Christian faith, this doctrine of repentance, which is often either disregarded, misconstrued, or unappreciated. This is tragic, because as we can see by the brief survey of Scripture, it is to be an essential element in our gospel presentation, and this is because it is necessary for salvation. Remission of sins depends upon repentance. We will, therefore, establish a biblical definition of repentance, consider the qualities of it, and then acknowledge what produces it in our lives.


The Result of Repentance

What then is repentance, and what does it mean for a person to repent? In its simplest meaning, repentance is a change of mind or of purpose.[23] It involves a change towards God which naturally results in a change towards sin. This is because God is a holy Being who is separate from sin, and hates it; therefore, the creature that is being renewed into the image of the One who created them will naturally begin to harbor great disdain for that which God hates because they are growing in their love for God. Repentance is, therefore, a shunning of sin and a striving after God. We see this in 1 Thessalonians 1:9 when Paul speaks of the believers as having “turned to God from idols to serve a living and true God.” Ultimately, true repentance flows from a love for God. In his commentary on Acts, J.A. Alexander says:

“Evangelical repentance, in its widest sense, is an entire revolution of the principles and practice of the heart and life.”[24]

The 17th century Puritan, Thomas Watson, said:

“The two great graces essential to a saint in this life are faith and repentance. These are the two wings by which he flies to heaven. Faith and repentance preserve the spiritual life as heat and radical moisture do the natural….Repentance is never out of season; it is of as frequent use as the artificer’s tool of the soldiers weapon.”[25]

True repentance will inevitably involve a change in ones thinking, and emotions, and actions.[26] In other words, it always results in fruit being born out of it. John the Baptist refused to baptize the Pharisees and Sadducees saying to them in Matthew 3:7-8:

“You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Therefore bear fruit in keeping with repentance.”

Paul said a similar thing in Acts 26:19-20 when he recounted to King Agrippa Christ calling him and commissioning him to carry the message of life:

19 So, King Agrippa, I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision, 20 but kept declaring both to those of Damascus first, and also at Jerusalem and then throughout all the region of Judea, and even to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds appropriate to repentance.”

Consider baptism. It is an outer act that conveys an inner reality. A realty of true repentance. Some wrongly interpret Peter’s words here in Acts to teach baptismal regeneration. This means that they teach baptism is necessary for salvation. This is wrong for several reasons:

  • It fails to apply one of the most important principles in Biblical interpretation called Analogia Scriptura, the Analogy of the Scripture. This principle asserts that when Scripture is interpreted accurately, it will not contradict itself. Scripture clearly teaches that salvation is by faith alone, and never associates baptism with the forgiveness of sins, only repentance. Take a moment to again consider Peter’s second sermon when he says in Acts 3:19:

19 Therefore repent and return, so that your sins may be wiped away.”

There is no mention of baptism here, nor is it mentioned in the other areas of Acts.

  • For three years Jesus vehemently fought against men touting a ritualistic religion focused purely on outer reform which put a heavy burden upon the people that was impossible for them to carry. F.F. Bruce rightly points out:

“It is against the whole genius of Biblical religion to suppose that the outward rite had any value except in so far as it was accompanied by true repentance within.”[27]

  • The Greek preposition “eis”, which in Peter’s statement is the word “For”:

“Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins”

This word does not only mean “for the purpose of”, but also “because of” or “on occasion of”, which is clearly the intent of Peter’s statement given the rest of the account of the Scripture:

“Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ because of the forgiveness of your sins”

Baptism is the outer proof of the inner regeneration of the heart. Peter tells them essentially to prove their repentance by their baptism.

Again, genuine repentance always produces some degree of fruit. How do we know the people on Pentecost repented? Acts 2:41:

41 So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls.

How do we know the people on Pentecost were regenerated? Acts 2:42:

42 They were continually devoting themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.”

One moment they are calling for Christ to be killed and the next they are identifying themselves with Him through baptism, devoting themselves to His teaching through the apostles, fellowshipping with His people, partaking of a sacrament in remembrance of Him, and praying to Him. Yeah, I would say there was a radical change in their thinking, emotions, and actions. They had a change of mind and of purpose and good fruit was born.


The Nature of True Repentance

It is important for us to distinguish between a true repentance and fraudulent repentance. It was Augustine that made the statement in his day that, “Repentance damns many,” and what he meant by this was a false repentance that many people held onto and deluded themselves into thinking was real repentance. Augustine himself said that prior to conversion he would confess sin and plead for power against it, “but his heart whispered within him, ‘not yet Lord.’”[28]

There are many false repentances seen throughout the Scripture, such as Cain who was sorry not for what he had done to his brother, but purely for the consequences he had to endure after words; or Pharoah, who like wise “repented” of his sin while a plague was upon him, but quickly turned back to what he was doing once it was gone. As Thomas Watson said:

“It is one thing to be a terrified sinner and another to be a repenting sinner. Sense of guilt is enough to breed terror. Infusion of grace breeds repentance…Repentance depends upon a change of heart. There may be terror, yet no change of heart.”[29]

Many people turn from a sin, more because they hate the consequences and not the sin. If the consequences were not there, the sin would be. This is a false repentance. It is a self-centered one because self-preservation is what drives it. Such people feel shame for sin, not because it is sin, but because it makes some aspect of life more unpleasant for them.

This now begs the question, “What then is the nature of true repentance?” I am indebted to the labor of Thomas Watson in his work entitled The Doctrine of Repentance. Watson thoroughly surveyed the Scripture and found that true repentance is made up of at least six elements. In fact, he referred to repentance as a “spiritual medicine made up of six ingredients: Sight of sin, Sorrow for sin, Confession of sin, Shame for sin, Hatred for sin, and Turning from sin.”[30] He argued that the absence of one these elements strips repentance of its meaning and goodness:

  • Sight of sin. This is when a person sees sins for what it is, and how heinous it is to God, and how hideous their heart is as its powers house. It is like when the prodigal son came to himself before returning to his father.[31] As Watson says:

“Before a man can come to Christ he must first come to himself…Hence I infer that where there is no sight of sin, there can be no repentance.”[32]

  • Sorrow for sin. This is when a person who rightfully sees their sin is broken over it. It grieves them with a godly grief and sorrow. It is not a superficial sorrow, but holy agony. It is when a person’s heart is rent over their sin causing them to do as the repentant tax-collector did. Jesus says that he:

“Was even unwilling to lift up his eyes to heaven, but was beating his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, the sinner!’”[33]

Watson said:

“As the heart bears a chief part in sinning, so it must in sorrowing….a wicked man may be troubled for scandalous sins; a real convert laments heart-sins….Hypocrites grieve only the bitter consequence of sin….Godly sorrow, however, is chiefly for the trespass against God, so that even if there were no conscience to smite, no devil to accus, no hell to punish, yet the soul would still be grieved because of the prejudice done to God.”[34]

True sorrow for sin leaves a person to conclude as David did:

“My sin is ever before me.”[35]

  • Confession of sin. This is when a person who sees their sin and is sorrowful over it with a godly sorrow draws near to God in confession to accuse themselves and passing judgment on themselves. Confession is when a believer says the same thing about their sin that God says about it. True confession for sin is a mark of conversion. 1 John 1:8-10:

If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us.”

As a person presses on in their pursuit of God, they will see their sin, they will feel the sorrow of their sin more severely, and they will sincerely cry out to God in confession. They will, therefore, feel shame for their sin when it breaks out in them, hatred for their sin as it continually seeks to interrupt their communion with God, and thus they will strive to turn from it.

All of these flow from a true knowledge of God, and a genuine love for Him. This means that if you do not rightly understand Him to some degree, or possess a measure of sincere love for Him, true repentance will never be a reality.

Though not spelled out in detail on the pages in Acts, this is what we see unfolding on Pentecost as Peter’s hearers are pierced to the heart. They see their sin of killing Christ. They are violently shaken to the core signifying sorrow, shame, and hatred for their sin. They do not deny what they have done, which conveys a level confession. Lastly, their one request is pertaining to what they must do, which demonstrates a desire to turn from their sin and to God. Their thoughts and emotions had been radically altered resulting in action.


The Need of Regeneration for Repentance

What I want us to grasp, if we have not already, is that such a change of mind that produces this sort of fruit within a person can only come from a change of heart, and a change of heart can only come from God. In other words, true repentance depends upon a sinner’s heart being regenerated by God. Without the regenerating work of the Holy Spirit in a person, genuine repentance is an impossibility. Consider the Scriptures teaching of the human condition having been born of Adam. The unbeliever is:

  • Spiritually Blind. Romans 1:21-22 states:

20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.”

Ephesians 4:17-18 says they:

“Walk, in the futility of their mind, 18 being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart.”

2 Corinthians 4:4 plainly reveals that Satan has:

“Blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.”

  • Spiritually Deaf. In Isaiah 6:9-10 God says to Isaiah:

“Go, and tell this people: ‘Keep on listening, but do not perceive; keep on looking, but do not understand.’
10 ‘Render the hearts of this people insensitive, their ears dull, and their eyes dim, otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and return and be healed.”

Jeremiah 6:10 says:

“To whom shall I speak and give warning that they may hear? Behold, their ears are closed and they cannot listen. Behold, the word of the Lord has become a reproach to them; they have no delight in it.”

Jesus said to the nonbelievers among Him in John 8:43:

“Why do you not understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot hear My word.”

  • Spiritually Dead. Ephesians 2:1 speaks of believers prior to Christ:

1 And you were dead in your trespasses and sins.”

Not only that, but the unbeliever possess a heart of stone. There is no feeling for God whatsoever. It is no wonder that Paul says in Romans 3:10-12:

“There is none righteous, not even one;11 There is none who understands, There is none who seeks for God;12 All have turned aside, together they have become useless; There is none who does good, There is not even one.”

Scripture poses this question in Jeremiah 13:23:

“Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard his spots? Then you also can do good who are accustomed to doing evil.”

It is a rhetorical question intended to draw out the point that a person does not possess within themselves the power necessary to change their own hearts, they therefore do not have the capacity to change their minds. This is why Jesus said in John 3:3:

“Unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

Unless a person is made alive by the Spirit, they cannot even perceive the things of God.

If the doctrine of repentance is disregarded, misconstrued, and unappreciated, what then is the doctrine of regeneration? Forgotten. What is the doctrine of regeneration? It is the teaching of how God takes a valley of dry bones, and He gives life to them. It is Him doing for helpless and hopeless sinners what He said He would do in Ezekiel 36:25-27:

25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances.”

We should understand that repentance is a gift from God. In Acts 5:31, Peter says of Jesus:

31 He is the one whom God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior, to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.”

After the conversion of the God-fearing Gentile, Cornelius, the church in Jerusalem concluded in Acts 11:18 that:

“God has granted to the Gentiles also the repentance that leads to life.”

In 2 Timothy 2:25-26, Paul tells us as bondservants of Christ to conduct ourselves in a manner that is not quarrelsome to those who are in opposition to us, but gentle:

“If perhaps God may grant them repentance leading to the knowledge of the truth, 26 and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil, having been held captive by him to do his will.”

Again, God is the One who gives repentance, and He is also the One who gives a person faith. Ephesians 2:8:

For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God.”

This is such a magnificent text, and the question we want to concern ourselves with when looking at it right now is this; what is the gracious gift of God in this portion? It is faith. Faith is the “it”, and God is the one who gives it. The 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith beautifully sums this up by saying:

“Saving repentance is an evangelical grace by which a person who is made to feel, by the Holy Spirit, the manifold evils of his sin, and being given faith in Christ, humbles himself over his sin with godly sorrow, detestation (hatred) of his sin and self-abhorrency (Shame). In such repentance the person also prays for pardon and strength of grace, and has a purpose and endeavor, by the supplies of the Spirit’s power, to walk before God and to totally please Him in all things.”[36]

Thomas Watson said that:

“True leaving of sin is when the acts of sin cease from the infusion of a principle of grace, as the air ceases to be dark from the infusion of light.”[37]

Paul said to the Corinthians that Satan has blinded the minds of the unbelieving world, that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, but what does Paul say that God has done for us? 2 Corinthians 4:6 says that He:

“Is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

Paul said to Titus in Titus 3:3-7:

For we ourselves were once foolish, disobedient, led astray, slaves to various passions and pleasures, passing our days in malice and envy, hated by others and hating one another. But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.”

Peter says in 1 Peter 1:3-4:

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, who by God’s power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.”

John said that Jesus Christ was in the world:

“And the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.”[38]

Truly, a repentant heart can only come from Him.


The Mercy of God Leads to Repentance

At the end of the day, it is not the wrath of God which prompts those who are being made alive by God to turn from their sin and to in Christ. It is the mercy and kindness of God.[39] It is the love of God in Christ. It is God loving us when we did not love Him and sending His Son to appease His wrath for our sins.[40] It is God demonstrating His love towards us in that while were yet sinful, ungodly, and helpless enemies against Him, while we were yet objects of His holy hatred, Christ died for us.[41] He became a curse for us.[42] He became our sin so that we might become His righteousness.[43] He died for our sin, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God.[44] He was nailed to the cross at the hands of godless men, but God raised Him up again putting an end to the agony of death for it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.[45]

To those who have not turned from themselves to trust in Christ. As the author of Hebrews says:

            “Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts.”[46]

If He is calling you to Himself, do as He said, deny yourself! Forsake your sin. Renounce your self-righteousness. Abandon all self-interest. Pick up your cross and follow Him. Realize that whoever wishes to keep their life will lose it for all eternity, and whoever loses their life for the sake of Christ and His gospel will find it.[47] Consider what Jesus said after laying out the gospels demands to His hearers. What will it profit you to gain the whole world and forfeit your soul? Absolutely nothing! Forever you will be cut off from the life of God, perishing continually under His wrath. What then will you need to give in exchange for your soul? Everything! Turn from yourself and trust in Christ. Repent and believe the gospel! As Peter said to his hearers I say to you, “Be saved from this perverse generation!”

            To us who, by the grace of God, have forsaken ourselves and put on Christ. First and foremost, praise God that when we were dead in sin, He made us alive in Christ because of His great love with which He loved us, which is purely from the riches of His mercy.[48] He called us out of darkness into His marvelous light.[49] Praise Him, love Him, and live for Him.

            Second, in your loving Him and living for Him, ask yourself, “Is my life marked by genuine repentance or some counterfeit one?” The Christian life is not a matter of “Have I repented and trusted in Christ?”, but “Am I continuing to repent and trust in Christ?” Do I see my sin for what it is? Does it stir godly sorrow in me? Does it lead me to Christ in confession? Am I ashamed of my sin? Do I hate it? Am I turning from it and to God, or from God to it?  Do I see the repentance of a regenerated heart in me? As Calvin once said:

“We know it is not enough to experience this repentance just once; we must continue to repent, for repentance is never finished until the old man is completely discarded.”[50]

Press on in your pursuit of Christ. Grow in His grace and knowledge, and never forget that our remission of sins depends upon repentance. That change of thought and purpose prompting us to turn from our sinful selves to trust in the sinless Christ. John Calvin said this about how believers should handle repentance and the remission of sins:

“We must unite these two matters. That is, we are to become troubled within ourselves; then we are to recognize that God does not wish to impute our sins to us, for He receives us in the name and merit of our Lord Jesus Christ, whose obedience supplies all that is lacking in us. If we are wicked and wretched, Jesus Christ abolishes all that, for He is the fountain of every virtue. If we are but sin, He is righteousness. If we are defiled, He is the fountain of living water to cleanse us. If we are weak, He is the goodness of God to strengthen us. If we are poor, He is so abundantly rich that we must not fear, when we come to Him, that we will lack anything. That is why repentance and remission of sins must not be separated.”[51]


[1] Acts 3:14-15

[2] John 1:1-3, 14

[3] John 1:10-11

[4] Matthew 21:33

[5] Matthew 21:34-36

[6] Mark 12:6

[7] Mark 12:8

[8] Matthew 21:41

[9] Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance; G2660: Katanyssomai, they were pierced

[10] John 16:8

[11] Romans 3:28

[12] Romans 4:5

[13] Galatians 3:11; Cross Reference Habakkuk 2:4

[14] Jude 3

[15] Galatians 1:6-7

[16] John 3:16

[17] Romans 10:9

[18] Mark 1:15

[19] Luke 13:3,5

[20] Mark 6:12

[21] Luke 24:47

[22] Acts 3:19

[23] Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance; G3341: Metanoia, Repent

[24] Acts, J.A. Alexander; Page 84

[25] The Doctrine of Repentance, Thomas Watson; Page 7

[26] The Gospel of Jesus Christ, Paul Washer; Page 15-16

[27] The Book of Acts, F.F. Bruce; Page 77

[28] The Doctrine of Repentance, Thomas Watson; Page 30

[29] The Doctrine of Repentance, Thomas Watson; Page 15

[30] The Doctrine of Repentance, Thomas Watson; Page 18

[31] Luke 15:17

[32] The Doctrine of Repentance, Thomas Watson; Page 18-19

[33] Luke 18:13

[34] The Doctrine of Repentance, Thomas Watson; Page 22

[35] Psalm 51:3

[36] The Baptist Confession of Faith 1689; Article 15. Repentance and Salvation, Section 3; Page 28

[37] The Doctrine of Repentance, Thomas Watson; Page 17

[38] John 1:10-13

[39] Romans 2:4

[40] 1 John 4:10

[41] Romans 5:6-10

[42] Galatians 3:13

[43] 2 Corinthians 5:21

[44] 1 Peter 3:18

[45] Acts 2:23-24

[46] Hebrews 3:15

[47] Mark 8:35

[48] Ephesians 2:4-5

[49] 1 Peter 2:9

[50] Sermons on the Acts of the Apostles: Chapters 1-7, John Calvin; Page 32

[51] Sermons on the Acts of the Apostles: Chapters 1-7, John Calvin; Page 37

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